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Getting to know Gastric Bypass Surgery
Gastric bypass surgery is an operation that is designed mainly for morbidly weighty individuals. In fact, it s one of the most common weight loss surgery performed in several performed in several parts of the world. This surgery is done when diet and exercise don t work anymore. Serious health issues associated with obesity are another indicator for this procedure.
This surgery is not for everyone. You ll have to fulfill the required criteria to qualify for this surgical treatment. Some of them are:
1.The Body Mass Index (BMI) should be forty or more.
2.Serious obesity related issues or BMI of over thirty five.
3.The body weight is over forty five, much more than the perfect weight for a particular height and sex.
4.The age must be between eighteen and sixty five.
Normally, food passes through the abdomen and enters the primary part of the small intestine called the duodenum. The stomach acts as the reservoir. That means, after the food is eaten, it is stored in the stomach. The food gets mixed with digestive fluids and slowly released into the small intestine where most of the food gets digested and absorbed.
This surgery makes the abdomen tiny in size. Additionally, it makes food pass only a small part of the small intestine. As a result, the person feels full lot quicker than when it was its traditional size. This considerably reduces the amount of food that you can eat each time. By passing only a little area of the small intestine greatly reduces the absorption of food. This results in weight loss.
The most commonly performed procedure is named as the Roux-en-Y operation. In this, a small part of the stomach is used to create a pouch. This pouch is connected to the central part of the small intestine. Therefore, the food bypasses the remainder of the abdomen and the upper part of the small intestine.
Laparoscopic approach of gastric bypass
Laparoscopic operation is done with the help of a small video camera and several other thin instruments. The camera and instruments are inserted through small holes made on the anterior abdominal wall. The surgeon looks at a video screen and performs the operation.
Laparoscopic surgery has many advantages over the open procedure, such as minimal scarring, less chances of wound infections, fewer days of hospital stay, and low incidence of incisional hernia.
However, not all people are suitable for laparoscopic operation. Patients who have had previous abdominal surgery and patients who are extremely obese may require open surgical procedure.
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